glos-sa-ry [glos-uh-ree, glaw-suh-]
-noun, plural -ries.
1. A cohesive collection of definitions for terms used in a publication or book. 2. A list of meanings at the back of a book clarifying complicated or unfamiliar terms used within it.
A regenerated fibre, which, curiously, has its origins in wood pulp. It is often used for linings, accessories, or as a strong and highly polished plastic for sunglasses.
This is a slinky smooth fabric made from acetate, (originally from wood pulp, interestingly enough) then woven with a glossy face and a dull back. It’s mainly used as a lining.
Akoya Shell Button
A natural shell button made from Akoya shell. Akoya shell buttons have a pearly finish, giving a bit of shimmer to any garment they adorn.
Angora hair comes from the Angora rabbit, whose hair is used in knitwear for its long, soft and silky properties. Animal lovers should rest assured that the hair is removed from the rabbit by carefully sheering or combing to avoid damaging the precious long fibres or the rabbit.
Due to the value of the hair the rabbits need to be fed nutritiously to ensure strong healthy hair grown and kept in good clean conditions to avoid damaging the fibres.
The fleece from an Angora goat is called mohair.
Appliqué refers a needlework technique in which pieces of fabric, embroidery, or other materials are sewn onto another piece of fabric to create designs. Name comes from the French meaning applied, or fastened to.
A method of cutting cloth diagonally across the weave. This effectively increases the stretch in a fabric allowing more drape on the body for a flattering fit. You often see it in silky dresses, which benefit from the extra movement.
Buggy (as in "jersey back buggy")
This is a half lining in a jacket. Usually the front is lined to the hem and the back is just half lined from the top, so the back lining hangs loose and there is no lining AT ALL at the bottom half of the back of the jacket. This makes the jacket cooler to wear. Clever, eh?
This is a tough fabric made from two layers of cotton fabric bonded together, for extra durability.
Boucle knit buttons
The word Boucle derives from the French word boucler which means to curl.
Boucle knit is created by loosely twisting different yarns together, to create an attractive curly surface which is perfect for dolling up buttons.
Bell shaped cuffs/sleeves
This is a striking sleeve shape, which balloons out slightly above the cuff. The extra width is gathered into the cuff creating a "bell" shape. Hence the name.
(Full name is broderie anglaise from the French meaning English Embroidery, as the technique arose in 19th century Britain). Broderie Anglaise is characterized by patterns composed of small holes or eyelets bound with overcast or buttonhole stitches. Traditionally broderie anglaise would have been white embroidery on a white cloth, however, we have given it a Boden twist by offering summer brights
Named after a Frenchman called Baptiste of Cambrai, Cambric is a light-weight, plain weave fabric - usually cotton. Its uses are as diverse as an ingredient of lace, and an ingredient of playing cards
A luxuriously soft wool from the undercoat of the Kashmir goat. Who would have thought that something as desirable and opulent as Cashmere should come from a goat?
A precious stone part of the quartz family, composed of very fine crystals, and varies from transparent to translucent.
A plain weave fabric with different coloured warp (horizontal) and weft (vertical) yarns, which creates a two-tone appearance.
A natural shell button made from the shell of a coconut (but without all of the hair). Has a lovely chunky wood appearance, and is decidedly inedible.
This is a natural product made from a Cork Oak Tree, which has a solid but ever so slightly bouncy feel to it. A distant cousin of the plug you pop in a wine bottle but processed to suit the important role of sitting beneath your feet.
Corozo nut buttons
Corozo is a natural wood from the nut of a palm tree. It‘s often used for large, feature buttons on outerwear and knitwear, and has an attractive chunky wood appearance.
This is a cotton, which is often used for shirts. It was immortalised in the novel Little Women when sisters Meg and Jo bemoaned having to wear poplin, rather than silk, to a town ball. However, nowadays it is regarded as a fine quality fabric, particularly in 100% cotton like ours. It is also easy to care for and wash.
A cotton weave which gives a slight ribbed appearance to the surface texture. Often a nice, thick, smart looking cotton- ideal for crisp trousers (and the occasional curtain).
Cotton Textured Canvas
A medium weight, plain weave cotton fabric. The texture is created by using yarns of different thickness within the weave. It does exactly what it says on the tin…
A lightweight cotton weave giving a soft, laundered appearance, primarily used in summery clothes and those rather whispy, fluttery curtains you get in hot countries and interiors magazines.
The technique of weaving small repetitive patterns into a fabric to give an interesting texture. Not to be confused with any kind of textiles activity from Harry Potter's young friend.
An off-white neutral colour, which is a touch more wearable and forgiving than stark white. The word comes from the French word écru, which means 'raw' or 'unbleached, explaining its natural hue.
Elastane (Spandex) is a manmade stretchy fibre which can be knitted or woven into fabric for comfort, support or to help garments keep their shape. Lycra® is a brand of Elastane (much like Hoover is a name for a vacuum cleaner which comes from the major brand) from Invista, formally DuPont, the clever people who invented it.
Elastomultiester stretch denim
While this sounds like something the Terminator might wear, it is actually a fairly widely used denim. Elastomultiester is a polyester fibre that has been added to denim to give it comfortable stretch and lasting shape recovery… no bagging at the knees and bums… and the use of an impressively long word to give the appearance of a wide vocabulary.
This is leather, but not as we know it, with a decorative design pressed onto the surface. A heated press is held against the leather with great pressure and the result can be anything from interesting textures or circle designs, to crocodile and snake skin effects.
'Whose empire?' you ask. French designers celebrating the new political freedom of Napoleon’s First French Empire created this style by looking back to days of the Greek Republic when women wore loose fitting tunics belted under the bust. The result is flattering and comfortable fit which flares out from under the bust.
This is the description given to a sleeve that has a slight fullness to the opening. This would give the appearance of gentle ruffles. This sleeve should be a flattering shape for any arm. Well, of the human variety at any rate. We can't make any promises to gorillas, pandas etc.
This is a design feature on a garment where the front fastening is cunningly concealed by an outer layer of fabric. It looks similar to the construction of the fly area on a pair of trousers (rather than the fly in your soup).